The Dead Sea
The Dead Sea is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west. Its surface and shores are 430.5 metres below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land.
The Dead Sea is 304m deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With 34.2% salinity (in 2011), it is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean, and one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which plants and animals cannot flourish, hence its name.
The Dead Sea water has a density of 1.24 kg/litre, which makes swimming similar to floating. It is 50 kilometres long and 15 kilometres wide at its widest point. The Dead Sea lies in the Jordan Rift Valley with its main tributary, the Jordan River, at its northern point.
The world's first health resort and largest natural spa
The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. It was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from asphalt for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilisers.
Layers of mineral-rich mud and minerals has created the Earth’s largest natural spa in the Dead Sea.
Used in cosmetics and skin care, these natural minerals work to improve cell metabolism, while helping the body to absorb nourishment and eliminate toxins.
Medical research has also determined that the Dead Sea’s unique blend of natural minerals and salts are highly beneficial for the relief of various skin problems, including Psoriasis, Eczema, Dermatitis and even Arthritis.
- Potassium supplies energy to skin cells
- Sodium improves skin’s metabolism
- Magnesium activates enzymes for cell regeneration
- Bromine has a soothing and relaxing effect
- Chloride helps balance the body’s mineral content
- Calcium strengthens cell membranes
- Zinc promotes cell renewal and stimulates the synthesis of collagen and elastin.